0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

unyhhox
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0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od unyhhox » 26 pro 2018, 22:54

Zdravím pánové,

koupil jsem arduino nano ( 8xAI) a chci měřit 8 hodnot, tzn. potřebuji 8 analogových vstupů. K zobrazení jsem koupil displej https://www.aliexpress.com/item/1pcs-0- ... 4c4dM7LlUU, který využívá analogové piny, o čemž jsem nevěděl.

Nemohli byste mi prosím Vás poradit, jak tohle vyřešit? Jedná se o projekt, u kterého platí "čím menší, tím lepší" , takže chci nano ponechat a měřit těch 8 hodnot.

Díky za odpověď.

gilhad
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Re: 0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od gilhad » 26 pro 2018, 23:18

Porad jeste je tu moznost to I2C emulovat softwarove na digitalnich pinech, myslim, ze jsem na to nekde i videl knihovnu ...

ohruska
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Re: 0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od ohruska » 26 pro 2018, 23:33

Měřit 8 analogových vstupů jde i přes i2c - 2x ADS1115 a je to přesnější..
Ota

unyhhox
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Re: 0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od unyhhox » 27 pro 2018, 00:20

gilhad píše:
26 pro 2018, 23:18
Porad jeste je tu moznost to I2C emulovat softwarove na digitalnich pinech, myslim, ze jsem na to nekde i videl knihovnu ...
Něco takového právě hledám, ale bezúspěšně. Nemohl byste po tom prosím hodit očkem? ocenil bych to.

Díky moc

unyhhox
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Re: 0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od unyhhox » 27 pro 2018, 00:22

ohruska píše:
26 pro 2018, 23:33
Měřit 8 analogových vstupů jde i přes i2c - 2x ADS1115 a je to přesnější..
Ota
ADS1115 je předpokládám nějaký typ převodníku, který se napoji na arduino a tím rozšíří vstupy?

gilhad
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Re: 0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od gilhad » 27 pro 2018, 04:41

Napriklad
https://github.com/Testato/SoftwareWire
(pry snad ma byt i v oficialnich knihovnach).
Jinak googlit I2C Bit Banging a tech vysledku je tam taky docela dost ...

ohruska
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Re: 0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od ohruska » 27 pro 2018, 07:55

ADS1115 je ADC 16-ti bitový, čtyřnásobný, programovatelný převodník, s nastavitelným zesílením. Který se připojuje na sběrnici i2c.https://www.aliexpress.com/item/I2C-ADS ... 56200.html
Měřené napětí může být až +-5.144V.

unyhhox
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Re: 0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od unyhhox » 27 pro 2018, 13:21

Díky chlapi, Vám oběma.

pavel1tu
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Re: 0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od pavel1tu » 27 pro 2018, 15:18

I když pozdě ...
Já bych také doporučil ADS1115, jen je problém s tím, že jdou využít max. 4ks k arduinu, jedním vstupem se tam přepíná adresa

Výhody:
- přesný
- když se nepoužívá - usne (spotřeba)
- až 16 analogů k jednomu arduinu (4ks)
- napájení jak 3,3V tak 5V (myslím že 2-5V)
- funkční knihovny
UNO, NANO, Mikro, PRO mini, DUE
http://pavel1tu.8u.cz/

unyhhox
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Re: 0,96" OLED využití DI místo AI?

Příspěvek od unyhhox » 27 pro 2018, 23:48

Sorry, že opět otravuji.

Rozhodl jsem se pro změnu softwarem, protože další hardware = více místa, více peněz, čekání na dodání. Dal jsem dohromady kód, který mi nehází žádné chyby, ale to je mi k ničemu, když je displej dead. Kód uploaduji níže. SDA jsem napojil na D3 a SCL na D2.

Kód: Vybrat vše

#define SDA_PIN 3
#define SDA_PORT PORTD
#define SCL_PIN 2
#define SCL_PORT PORTD
#include <SoftI2CMaster.h>
#include <SoftWire.h>
#include <Adafruit_SSD1306.h>
#define OLED_ADDR   0x3C



void setup() {

Adafruit_SSD1306 display(-1);
  display.begin(SSD1306_SWITCHCAPVCC, OLED_ADDR);
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.display();

  // display a pixel in each corner of the screen
  display.drawPixel(0, 0, WHITE);
  display.drawPixel(127, 0, WHITE);
  display.drawPixel(0, 63, WHITE);
  display.drawPixel(127, 63, WHITE);

  // display a line of text
  display.setTextSize(1);
  display.setTextColor(WHITE);
  display.setCursor(27,30);
  display.print("Hello, world!");

  // update display with all of the above graphics
  display.display();
}

void loop() {
  // put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
  }
  
Kód knihovny

Kód: Vybrat vše

/* Arduino SoftI2C library. 
 *
 * Version 1.4
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2013, Bernhard Nebel and Peter Fleury
 *
 * This is a very fast and very light-weight software I2C-master library 
 * written in assembler. It is based on Peter Fleury's I2C software
 * library: http://homepage.hispeed.ch/peterfleury/avr-software.html
 * Recently, the hardware implementation has been added to the code,
 * which can be enabled by defining I2C_HARDWARE.
 *
 * This Library is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with the Arduino I2cMaster Library.  If not, see
 * <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

/* In order to use the library, you need to define SDA_PIN, SCL_PIN,
 * SDA_PORT and SCL_PORT before including this file.  Have a look at
 * http://www.arduino.cc/en/Reference/PortManipulation for finding out
 * which values to use. For example, if you use digital pin 3 (corresponding 
 * to PD3) for SDA and digital pin 13 (corresponding to PB5)
 * for SCL on a standard Arduino,
 * you have to use the following definitions: 
 * #define SDA_PIN 3 
 * #define SDA_PORT PORTD
 * #define SCL_PIN 2
 * #define SCL_PORT PORTD
 *
 * Alternatively, you can define the compile time constant I2C_HARDWARE,
 * in which case the TWI hardware is used. In this case you have to use
 * the standard SDA/SCL pins (and, of course, the chip needs to support
 * this).
 *
 * You can also define the following constants (see also below):
 ' - I2C_PULLUP = 1 meaning that internal pullups should be used 
 * - I2C_CPUFREQ, when changing CPU clock frequency dynamically
 * - I2C_FASTMODE = 1 meaning that the I2C bus allows speeds up to 400 kHz
 * - I2C_SLOWMODE = 1 meaning that the I2C bus will allow only up to 25 kHz 
 * - I2C_NOINTERRUPT = 1 in order to prohibit interrupts while 
 *   communicating (see below). This can be useful if you use the library 
 *   for communicationg with SMbus devices, which have timeouts.
 *   Note, however, that interrupts are disabled from issuing a start condition
 *   until issuing a stop condition. So use this option with care!
 * - I2C_TIMEOUT = 0..10000 msec in order to return from the I2C functions
 *   in case of a I2C bus lockup (i.e., SCL constantly low). 0 means no timeout.
 * - I2C_MAXWAIT = 0..32767 number of retries in i2c_start_wait. 0 means never stop.
 */

/* Changelog:
 * Version 2.1
 * - added conditional to check whether it is the right MCU type
 * Version 2.0
 * - added hardware support as well.
 * Version 1.4:
 * - added "maximum retry" in i2c_start_wait in order to avoid lockup
 * - added "internal pullups", but be careful since the option stretches the I2C specs
 * Version 1.3:
 * - added "__attribute__ ((used))" for all functions declared with "__attribute__ ((noinline))"
 *   Now the module is also usable in Arduino 1.6.11+
 * Version 1.2:
 * - added pragma to avoid "unused parameter warnings" (suggestion by Walter)
 * - replaced wrong license file
 * Version 1.1: 
 * - removed I2C_CLOCK_STRETCHING
 * - added I2C_TIMEOUT time in msec (0..10000) until timeout or 0 if no timeout
 * - changed i2c_init to return true iff both SDA and SCL are high
 * - changed interrupt disabling so that the previous IRQ state is restored
 * Version 1.0: basic functionality
 */

#ifndef __AVR_ARCH__
#error "Not an AVR MCU! Use 'SlowSoftI2CMaster' library instead of 'SoftI2CMaster'!"
#else

#ifndef _SOFTI2C_H
#define _SOFTI2C_H   1

#include <avr/io.h>
#include <Arduino.h>
#include <util/twi.h>

#pragma GCC diagnostic push

#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wunused-parameter"



// Init function. Needs to be called once in the beginning.
// Returns false if SDA or SCL are low, which probably means 
// a I2C bus lockup or that the lines are not pulled up.
bool __attribute__ ((noinline)) i2c_init(void) __attribute__ ((used));

// Start transfer function: <addr> is the 8-bit I2C address (including the R/W
// bit). 
// Return: true if the slave replies with an "acknowledge", false otherwise
bool __attribute__ ((noinline)) i2c_start(uint8_t addr) __attribute__ ((used)); 

// Similar to start function, but wait for an ACK! Will timeout if I2C_MAXWAIT > 0.
bool  __attribute__ ((noinline)) i2c_start_wait(uint8_t addr) __attribute__ ((used));

// Repeated start function: After having claimed the bus with a start condition,
// you can address another or the same chip again without an intervening 
// stop condition.
// Return: true if the slave replies with an "acknowledge", false otherwise
bool __attribute__ ((noinline)) i2c_rep_start(uint8_t addr) __attribute__ ((used));

// Issue a stop condition, freeing the bus.
void __attribute__ ((noinline)) i2c_stop(void) asm("ass_i2c_stop") __attribute__ ((used));

// Write one byte to the slave chip that had been addressed
// by the previous start call. <value> is the byte to be sent.
// Return: true if the slave replies with an "acknowledge", false otherwise
bool __attribute__ ((noinline)) i2c_write(uint8_t value) asm("ass_i2c_write") __attribute__ ((used));


// Read one byte. If <last> is true, we send a NAK after having received 
// the byte in order to terminate the read sequence. 
uint8_t __attribute__ ((noinline)) i2c_read(bool last) __attribute__ ((used));

// If you want to use the TWI hardeware, you have to define I2C_HARDWARE to be 1
#ifndef I2C_HARDWARE
#define I2C_HARDWARE 0
#endif

#if I2C_HARDWARE
#ifndef TWDR
#error This chip does not support hardware I2C. Please undfine I2C_HARDWARE
#endif
#endif

// You can set I2C_CPUFREQ independently of F_CPU if you 
// change the CPU frequency on the fly. If you do not define it,
// it will use the value of F_CPU
#ifndef I2C_CPUFREQ
#define I2C_CPUFREQ F_CPU
#endif

// If I2C_FASTMODE is set to 1, then the highest possible frequency below 400kHz
// is selected. Be aware that not all slave chips may be able to deal with that!
#ifndef I2C_FASTMODE
#define I2C_FASTMODE 0
#endif

// If I2C_FASTMODE is not defined or defined to be 0, then you can set
// I2C_SLOWMODE to 1. In this case, the I2C frequency will not be higher 
// than 25KHz. This could be useful for problematic buses with high pull-ups
// and high capasitance.
#ifndef I2C_SLOWMODE
#define I2C_SLOWMODE 0
#endif

// If I2C_PULLUP is set to 1, then the internal pull-up resistors are used.
// This does not conform with the I2C specs, since the bus lines will be
// temporarily in high-state and the internal resistors have roughly 50k.
// With low bus speeds und short buses it usually works, though (hopefully).
#ifndef I2C_PULLUP
#define I2C_PULLUP 0
#endif

// if I2C_NOINTERRUPT is 1, then the I2C routines are not interruptable.
// This is most probably only necessary if you are using a 1MHz system clock,
// you are communicating with a SMBus device, and you want to avoid timeouts.
// Be aware that the interrupt bit is enabled after each call. So the
// I2C functions should not be called in interrupt routines or critical regions.
#ifndef I2C_NOINTERRUPT
#define I2C_NOINTERRUPT 0
#endif

// I2C_TIMEOUT can be set to a value between 1 and 10000.
// If it is defined and nonzero, it leads to a timeout if the
// SCL is low longer than I2C_TIMEOUT milliseconds, i.e., max timeout is 10 sec
#ifndef I2C_TIMEOUT
#define I2C_TIMEOUT 0
#else 
#if I2C_TIMEOUT > 10000
#error I2C_TIMEOUT is too large
#endif
#endif

// I2C_MAXWAIT can be set to any value between 0 and 32767. 0 means no time out.
#ifndef I2C_MAXWAIT
#define I2C_MAXWAIT 500
#else
#if I2C_MAXWAIT > 32767 || I2C_MAXWAIT < 0
#error Illegal I2C_MAXWAIT value
#endif
#endif

#define I2C_TIMEOUT_DELAY_LOOPS (I2C_CPUFREQ/1000UL)*I2C_TIMEOUT/4000UL
#if I2C_TIMEOUT_DELAY_LOOPS < 1
#define I2C_MAX_STRETCH 1
#else
#if I2C_TIMEOUT_DELAY_LOOPS > 60000UL
#define I2C_MAX_STRETCH 60000UL
#else
#define I2C_MAX_STRETCH I2C_TIMEOUT_DELAY_LOOPS
#endif
#endif

#if I2C_FASTMODE
#define I2C_DELAY_COUNTER (((I2C_CPUFREQ/350000L)/2-18)/3)
#define SCL_CLOCK 400000UL
#else
#if I2C_SLOWMODE
#define I2C_DELAY_COUNTER (((I2C_CPUFREQ/23500L)/2-18)/3)
#define SCL_CLOCK 25000UL
#else
#define I2C_DELAY_COUNTER (((I2C_CPUFREQ/90000L)/2-18)/3)
#define SCL_CLOCK 100000UL
#endif
#endif

// constants for reading & writing
#define I2C_READ    1
#define I2C_WRITE   0

#if !I2C_HARDWARE
// map the IO register back into the IO address space
#define SDA_DDR       	(_SFR_IO_ADDR(SDA_PORT) - 1)
#define SCL_DDR       	(_SFR_IO_ADDR(SCL_PORT) - 1)
#define SDA_OUT       	_SFR_IO_ADDR(SDA_PORT)
#define SCL_OUT       	_SFR_IO_ADDR(SCL_PORT)
#define SDA_IN		(_SFR_IO_ADDR(SDA_PORT) - 2)
#define SCL_IN		(_SFR_IO_ADDR(SCL_PORT) - 2)

#ifndef __tmp_reg__
#define __tmp_reg__ 0
#endif
 
// Internal delay functions.
void __attribute__ ((noinline)) i2c_delay_half(void) asm("ass_i2c_delay_half")  __attribute__ ((used));
void __attribute__ ((noinline)) i2c_wait_scl_high(void) asm("ass_i2c_wait_scl_high")  __attribute__ ((used));

void  i2c_delay_half(void)
{ // function call 3 cycles => 3C
#if I2C_DELAY_COUNTER < 1
  __asm__ __volatile__ (" ret");
  // 7 cycles for call and return
#else
  __asm__ __volatile__ 
    (
     " ldi      r25, %[DELAY]           ;load delay constant   ;; 4C \n\t"
     "_Lidelay: \n\t"
     " dec r25                          ;decrement counter     ;; 4C+xC \n\t"
     " brne _Lidelay                                           ;;5C+(x-1)2C+xC\n\t"
     " ret                                                     ;; 9C+(x-1)2C+xC = 7C+xC" 
     : : [DELAY] "M" I2C_DELAY_COUNTER : "r25");
  // 7 cycles + 3 times x cycles
#endif
}

void i2c_wait_scl_high(void)
{
#if I2C_TIMEOUT <= 0
  __asm__ __volatile__ 
    ("_Li2c_wait_stretch: \n\t"
     " sbis	%[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]	;wait for SCL high \n\t" 
     " rjmp	_Li2c_wait_stretch \n\t"
     " cln                              ;signal: no timeout \n\t"
     " ret "
     : : [SCLIN] "I" (SCL_IN), [SCLPIN] "I" (SCL_PIN));
#else
  __asm__ __volatile__ 
    ( " ldi     r27, %[HISTRETCH]       ;load delay counter \n\t"
      " ldi     r26, %[LOSTRETCH] \n\t"
      "_Lwait_stretch: \n\t"
      " clr     __tmp_reg__             ;do next loop 255 times \n\t"
      "_Lwait_stretch_inner_loop: \n\t"
      " rcall   _Lcheck_scl_level       ;call check function   ;; 12C \n\t"
      " brpl    _Lstretch_done          ;done if N=0           ;; +1 = 13C\n\t"
      " dec     __tmp_reg__             ;dec inner loop counter;; +1 = 14C\n\t"
      " brne    _Lwait_stretch_inner_loop                      ;; +2 = 16C\n\t"
      " sbiw    r26,1                   ;dec outer loop counter \n\t"
      " brne    _Lwait_stretch          ;continue with outer loop \n\t"
      " sen                             ;timeout -> set N-bit=1 \n\t"
      " rjmp _Lwait_return              ;and return with N=1\n\t"
      "_Lstretch_done:                  ;SCL=1 sensed \n\t"            
      " cln                             ;OK -> clear N-bit \n\t"
      " rjmp _Lwait_return              ; and return with N=0 \n\t"

      "_Lcheck_scl_level:                                      ;; call = 3C\n\t"
      " cln                                                    ;; +1C = 4C \n\t"
      " sbic	%[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]      ;skip if SCL still low ;; +2C = 6C \n\t"
      " rjmp    _Lscl_high                                     ;; +0C = 6C \n\t"
      " sen                                                    ;; +1 = 7C\n\t "
      "_Lscl_high: "
      " nop                                                    ;; +1C = 8C \n\t"
      " ret                             ;return N-Bit=1 if low ;; +4 = 12C\n\t"

      "_Lwait_return:"
      : : [SCLIN] "I" (SCL_IN), [SCLPIN] "I" (SCL_PIN), 
	[HISTRETCH] "M" (I2C_MAX_STRETCH>>8), 
	[LOSTRETCH] "M" (I2C_MAX_STRETCH&0xFF)
      : "r26", "r27");
#endif
}
#endif // !I2C_HARDWARE

bool i2c_init(void)
#if I2C_HARDWARE
{
#if I2C_PULLUP
  digitalWrite(SDA, 1);
  digitalWrite(SCL, 1);
#else
  digitalWrite(SDA, 0);
  digitalWrite(SCL, 0);
#endif
#if ((I2C_CPUFREQ/SCL_CLOCK)-16)/2 < 250
  TWSR = 0;                         /* no prescaler */
  TWBR = ((I2C_CPUFREQ/SCL_CLOCK)-16)/2;  /* must be > 10 for stable operation */
#else
  TWSR = (1<<TWPS0); // prescaler is 4
  TWBR = ((I2C_CPUFREQ/SCL_CLOCK)-16)/8;
#endif
  return (digitalRead(SDA) != 0 && digitalRead(SCL) != 0);
}
#else
{
  __asm__ __volatile__ 
    (" cbi      %[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]     ;release SDA \n\t" 
     " cbi      %[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]     ;release SCL \n\t" 
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;enable SDA pull-up\n\t"
#else
     " cbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;clear SDA output value \n\t"     
#endif
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;enable SCL pull-up\n\t"
#else
     " cbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;clear SCL output value \n\t"
#endif
     " clr      r24                     ;set return value to false \n\t"
     " clr      r25                     ;set return value to false \n\t"
     " sbis     %[SDAIN],%[SDAPIN]      ;check for SDA high\n\t"
     " ret                              ;if low return with false \n\t"  
     " sbis     %[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]      ;check for SCL high \n\t"
     " ret                              ;if low return with false \n\t" 
     " ldi      r24,1                   ;set return value to true \n\t"
     " ret "
     : :
       [SCLDDR] "I"  (SCL_DDR), [SCLPIN] "I" (SCL_PIN), 
       [SCLIN] "I" (SCL_IN), [SCLOUT] "I" (SCL_OUT),
       [SDADDR] "I"  (SDA_DDR), [SDAPIN] "I" (SDA_PIN), 
       [SDAIN] "I" (SDA_IN), [SDAOUT] "I" (SDA_OUT)); 
  return true;
}
#endif

bool  i2c_start(uint8_t addr)
#if I2C_HARDWARE
{
  uint8_t   twst;
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
  uint32_t start = millis();
#endif

  // send START condition
  TWCR = (1<<TWINT) | (1<<TWSTA) | (1<<TWEN);

  // wait until transmission completed
  while(!(TWCR & (1<<TWINT))) {
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
    if (millis() - start > I2C_TIMEOUT) return false;
#endif
  }

  // check value of TWI Status Register. Mask prescaler bits.
  twst = TW_STATUS & 0xF8;
  if ( (twst != TW_START) && (twst != TW_REP_START)) return false;
  
  // send device address
  TWDR = addr;
  TWCR = (1<<TWINT) | (1<<TWEN);
  
  // wail until transmission completed and ACK/NACK has been received
  while(!(TWCR & (1<<TWINT))) {
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
    if (millis() - start > I2C_TIMEOUT) return false;
#endif
  }
  
  // check value of TWI Status Register. Mask prescaler bits.
  twst = TW_STATUS & 0xF8;
  if ( (twst != TW_MT_SLA_ACK) && (twst != TW_MR_SLA_ACK) ) return false;
  
  return true;
}
#else
{
  __asm__ __volatile__ 
    (
#if I2C_NOINTERRUPT
     " cli                              ;clear IRQ bit \n\t"
#endif
     " sbis     %[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]      ;check for clock stretching slave\n\t"
     " rcall    ass_i2c_wait_scl_high   ;wait until SCL=H\n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;disable pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi      %[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]     ;force SDA low  \n\t" 
     " rcall    ass_i2c_delay_half      ;wait T/2 \n\t"
     " rcall    ass_i2c_write           ;now write address \n\t"
     " ret"
     : : [SDADDR] "I"  (SDA_DDR), [SDAPIN] "I" (SDA_PIN),
       [SDAOUT] "I" (SDA_OUT), [SCLOUT] "I" (SCL_OUT),
       [SCLIN] "I" (SCL_IN),[SCLPIN] "I" (SCL_PIN)); 
  return true; // we never return here!
}
#endif

bool  i2c_rep_start(uint8_t addr)
#if I2C_HARDWARE
{
  return i2c_start(addr);
}
#else
{
  __asm__ __volatile__ 

    (
#if I2C_NOINTERRUPT
     " cli \n\t"
#endif
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;disable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;force SCL low \n\t" 
     " rcall 	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay  T/2 \n\t" 
     " cbi	%[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]	;release SDA \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;enable SDA pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " rcall	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2 \n\t" 
     " cbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;release SCL \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]	;enable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " rcall 	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay  T/2 \n\t" 
     " sbis     %[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]      ;check for clock stretching slave\n\t"
     " rcall    ass_i2c_wait_scl_high   ;wait until SCL=H\n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi 	%[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]	;disable SDA pull-up\n\t"
#endif
     " sbi 	%[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]	;force SDA low \n\t"
     " rcall 	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay	T/2 \n\t" 
     " rcall    ass_i2c_write       \n\t"
     " ret"
     : : [SCLDDR] "I"  (SCL_DDR), [SCLPIN] "I" (SCL_PIN),
       [SCLIN] "I" (SCL_IN), [SCLOUT] "I" (SCL_OUT), [SDAOUT] "I" (SDA_OUT),
       [SDADDR] "I"  (SDA_DDR), [SDAPIN] "I" (SDA_PIN)); 
  return true; // just to fool the compiler
}
#endif

bool  i2c_start_wait(uint8_t addr)
#if I2C_HARDWARE
{
  uint8_t   twst;
  uint16_t maxwait = I2C_MAXWAIT;
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
  uint32_t start = millis();
#endif
  
  while (true) {
    // send START condition
    TWCR = (1<<TWINT) | (1<<TWSTA) | (1<<TWEN);
    
    // wait until transmission completed
    while(!(TWCR & (1<<TWINT))) {
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
    if (millis() - start > I2C_TIMEOUT) return false;
#endif
    }
    
    // check value of TWI Status Register. Mask prescaler bits.
    twst = TW_STATUS & 0xF8;
    if ( (twst != TW_START) && (twst != TW_REP_START)) continue;
    
    // send device address
    TWDR = addr;
    TWCR = (1<<TWINT) | (1<<TWEN);
    
    // wail until transmission completed
    while(!(TWCR & (1<<TWINT))) {
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
      if (millis() - start > I2C_TIMEOUT) return false;
#endif
    }
    
    // check value of TWI Status Register. Mask prescaler bits.
    twst = TW_STATUS & 0xF8;
    if ( (twst == TW_MT_SLA_NACK )||(twst ==TW_MR_DATA_NACK) ) 
      {    	    
	/* device busy, send stop condition to terminate write operation */
	TWCR = (1<<TWINT) | (1<<TWEN) | (1<<TWSTO);
	
	// wait until stop condition is executed and bus released
	while(TWCR & (1<<TWSTO)) {
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
	  if (millis() - start > I2C_TIMEOUT) return false;
#endif
	}

	if (maxwait)
	  if (--maxwait == 0)
	    return false;
	
	continue;
      }
    //if( twst != TW_MT_SLA_ACK) return 1;
    return true;
  }
}
#else
{
 __asm__ __volatile__ 
   (
    " push	r24                     ;save original parameter \n\t"
#if I2C_MAXWAIT
    " ldi     r31, %[HIMAXWAIT]         ;load max wait counter \n\t"
    " ldi     r30, %[LOMAXWAIT]         ;load low byte \n\t"
#endif
    "_Li2c_start_wait1: \n\t"
    " pop       r24                     ;restore original parameter\n\t"
    " push      r24                     ;and save again \n\t"
#if I2C_NOINTERRUPT
    " cli                               ;disable interrupts \n\t"
#endif
    " sbis     %[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]      ;check for clock stretching slave\n\t"
    " rcall    ass_i2c_wait_scl_high   ;wait until SCL=H\n\t" 
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;disable pull-up \n\t"
#endif
    " sbi 	%[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]	;force SDA low \n\t" 
    " rcall 	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2 \n\t" 
    " rcall 	ass_i2c_write	        ;write address \n\t" 
    " tst	r24		        ;if device not busy -> done \n\t" 
    " brne	_Li2c_start_wait_done \n\t" 
    " rcall	ass_i2c_stop	        ;terminate write & enable IRQ \n\t"
#if I2C_MAXWAIT
    " sbiw      r30,1                   ;decrement max wait counter\n\t"
    " breq       _Li2c_start_wait_done  ;if zero reached, exit with false -> r24 already zero!\n\t"
#endif
    " rjmp	_Li2c_start_wait1	;device busy, poll ack again \n\t" 
    "_Li2c_start_wait_done: \n\t"
    " clr       r25                     ;clear high byte of return value\n\t"
    " pop       __tmp_reg__             ;pop off orig argument \n\t"
    " ret "
    : : [SDADDR] "I"  (SDA_DDR), [SDAPIN] "I" (SDA_PIN), [SDAOUT] "I" (SDA_OUT),
      [SCLIN] "I" (SCL_IN), [SCLPIN] "I" (SCL_PIN),
      [HIMAXWAIT] "M" (I2C_MAXWAIT>>8), 
      [LOMAXWAIT] "M" (I2C_MAXWAIT&0xFF)
    : "r30", "r31" ); 
}
#endif

void  i2c_stop(void)
#if I2C_HARDWARE
{
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
  uint32_t start = millis();
#endif
  /* send stop condition */
  TWCR = (1<<TWINT) | (1<<TWEN) | (1<<TWSTO);
  
  // wait until stop condition is executed and bus released
  while(TWCR & (1<<TWSTO)) {
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
    if (millis() - start > I2C_TIMEOUT) return;
#endif
  }
}
#else
{
  __asm__ __volatile__ 
    (
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;disable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi      %[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]     ;force SCL low \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;disable pull-up \n\t"
#endif     
     " sbi      %[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]     ;force SDA low \n\t" 
     " rcall    ass_i2c_delay_half      ;T/2 delay \n\t"
     " cbi      %[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]     ;release SCL \n\t" 
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]	;enable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " rcall    ass_i2c_delay_half      ;T/2 delay \n\t"
     " sbis     %[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]      ;check for clock stretching slave\n\t"
     " rcall    ass_i2c_wait_scl_high   ;wait until SCL=H\n\t" 
     " cbi      %[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]     ;release SDA \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;enable SDA pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " rcall    ass_i2c_delay_half \n\t"
#if I2C_NOINTERRUPT
     " sei                              ;enable interrupts again!\n\t"
#endif
     : : [SCLDDR] "I"  (SCL_DDR), [SCLPIN] "I" (SCL_PIN), [SCLIN] "I" (SCL_IN),
       [SDAOUT] "I" (SDA_OUT), [SCLOUT] "I" (SCL_OUT),
       [SDADDR] "I"  (SDA_DDR), [SDAPIN] "I" (SDA_PIN)); 
}
#endif


bool i2c_write(uint8_t value)
#if I2C_HARDWARE
{	
  uint8_t   twst;
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
  uint32_t start = millis();
#endif

    
  // send data to the previously addressed device
  TWDR = value;
  TWCR = (1<<TWINT) | (1<<TWEN);
  
  // wait until transmission completed
  while(!(TWCR & (1<<TWINT))) {
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
    if (millis() - start > I2C_TIMEOUT) return false;
#endif
  }
  
  // check value of TWI Status Register. Mask prescaler bits
  twst = TW_STATUS & 0xF8;
  if( twst != TW_MT_DATA_ACK) return false;
  return true;
}
#else
{
  __asm__ __volatile__ 
    (
     " sec                              ;set carry flag \n\t"
     " rol      r24                     ;shift in carry and shift out MSB \n\t"
     " rjmp _Li2c_write_first \n\t"
     "_Li2c_write_bit:\n\t"
     " lsl      r24                     ;left shift into carry ;; 1C\n\t"
     "_Li2c_write_first:\n\t"
     " breq     _Li2c_get_ack           ;jump if TXreg is empty;; +1 = 2C \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;disable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi      %[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]     ;force SCL low         ;; +2 = 4C \n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
     " brcc     _Li2c_write_low                                ;;+1/+2=5/6C\n\t"
     " nop                                                     ;; +1 = 7C \n\t"
     " cbi %[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]	        ;release SDA           ;; +2 = 9C \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;enable SDA pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " rjmp      _Li2c_write_high                              ;; +2 = 11C \n\t"
     "_Li2c_write_low: \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;disable pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi	%[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]	;force SDA low         ;; +2 = 9C \n\t"
     " rjmp	_Li2c_write_high                               ;;+2 = 11C \n\t"
     "_Li2c_write_high: \n\t"
#if I2C_DELAY_COUNTER >= 1
     " rcall 	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2             ;;+X = 11C+X\n\t"
#endif
     " cbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;release SCL           ;;+2 = 13C+X\n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]	;enable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " cln                              ;clear N-bit           ;;+1 = 14C+X\n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
     " sbis	%[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]	;check for SCL high    ;;+2 = 16C+X\n\t"
     " rcall    ass_i2c_wait_scl_high \n\t"
     " brpl     _Ldelay_scl_high                              ;;+2 = 18C+X\n\t"
     "_Li2c_write_return_false: \n\t"
     " clr      r24                     ; return false because of timeout \n\t"
     " rjmp     _Li2c_write_return \n\t"
     "_Ldelay_scl_high: \n\t"
#if I2C_DELAY_COUNTER >= 1
     " rcall	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2             ;;+X= 18C+2X\n\t"
#endif
     " rjmp	_Li2c_write_bit \n\t"
     "              ;; +2 = 20C +2X for one bit-loop \n\t"
     "_Li2c_get_ack: \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;disable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;force SCL low ;; +2 = 5C \n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
     " cbi	%[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]	;release SDA ;;+2 = 7C \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;enable SDA pull-up \n\t"
#endif
#if I2C_DELAY_COUNTER >= 1
     " rcall	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2 ;; +X = 7C+X \n\t"
#endif
     " clr	r25                                            ;; 17C+2X \n\t"
     " clr	r24		        ;return 0              ;; 14C + X \n\t"
     " cbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;release SCL ;; +2 = 9C+X\n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]	;enable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     "_Li2c_ack_wait: \n\t"
     " cln                              ; clear N-bit          ;; 10C + X\n\t" 
     " nop \n\t"
     " sbis	%[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]	;wait SCL high         ;; 12C + X \n\t"
     " rcall    ass_i2c_wait_scl_high \n\t"
     " brmi     _Li2c_write_return_false                       ;; 13C + X \n\t "
     " sbis	%[SDAIN],%[SDAPIN]      ;if SDA hi -> return 0 ;; 15C + X \n\t"
     " ldi	r24,1                   ;return true           ;; 16C + X \n\t"
#if I2C_DELAY_COUNTER >= 1
     " rcall	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2             ;; 16C + 2X \n\t"
#endif
     "_Li2c_write_return: \n\t"
     " nop \n\t "
     " nop \n\t "
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;disable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;force SCL low so SCL=H is short\n\t"
     " ret \n\t"
     "              ;; + 4 = 17C + 2X for acknowldge bit"
     ::
      [SCLDDR] "I"  (SCL_DDR), [SCLPIN] "I" (SCL_PIN), [SCLIN] "I" (SCL_IN),
      [SDAOUT] "I" (SDA_OUT), [SCLOUT] "I" (SCL_OUT),
      [SDADDR] "I"  (SDA_DDR), [SDAPIN] "I" (SDA_PIN), [SDAIN] "I" (SDA_IN)); 
  return true; // fooling the compiler
}
#endif

uint8_t i2c_read(bool last)
#if I2C_HARDWARE
{
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
  uint32_t start = millis();
#endif
    
  TWCR = (1<<TWINT) | (1<<TWEN) | (last ? 0 : (1<<TWEA));
  while(!(TWCR & (1<<TWINT))) {
#if I2C_TIMEOUT
    if (millis() - start > I2C_TIMEOUT) return 0xFF;
#endif
  }  
  return TWDR;
}
#else
{
  __asm__ __volatile__ 
    (
     " ldi	r23,0x01 \n\t"
     "_Li2c_read_bit: \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;disable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;force SCL low         ;; 2C \n\t" 
     " cbi	%[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]	;release SDA(prev. ACK);; 4C \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;enable SDA pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " nop \n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
     " nop \n\t"
#if I2C_DELAY_COUNTER >= 1
     " rcall	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2             ;; 4C+X \n\t" 
#endif
     " cbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;release SCL           ;; 6C + X \n\t" 
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]	;enable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
#if I2C_DELAY_COUNTER >= 1
     " rcall	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2             ;; 6C + 2X \n\t" 
#endif
     " cln                              ; clear N-bit          ;; 7C + 2X \n\t"
     " nop \n\t "
     " nop \n\t "
     " nop \n\t "
     " sbis     %[SCLIN], %[SCLPIN]     ;check for SCL high    ;; 9C +2X \n\t" 
     " rcall    ass_i2c_wait_scl_high \n\t"
     " brmi     _Li2c_read_return       ;return if timeout     ;; 10C + 2X\n\t"
     " clc		  	        ;clear carry flag      ;; 11C + 2X\n\t" 
     " sbic	%[SDAIN],%[SDAPIN]	;if SDA is high        ;; 11C + 2X\n\t" 
     " sec			        ;set carry flag        ;; 12C + 2X\n\t" 
     " rol	r23		        ;store bit             ;; 13C + 2X\n\t" 
     " brcc	_Li2c_read_bit	        ;while receiv reg not full \n\t"
     "                         ;; 15C + 2X for one bit loop \n\t" 
     
     "_Li2c_put_ack: \n\t"
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;disable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;force SCL low         ;; 2C \n\t" 
     " cpi	r24,0                                          ;; 3C \n\t" 
     " breq	_Li2c_put_ack_low	;if (ack=0) ;; 5C \n\t" 
     " cbi	%[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]	;release SDA \n\t" 
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;enable SDA pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " rjmp	_Li2c_put_ack_high \n\t" 
     "_Li2c_put_ack_low:                ;else \n\t" 
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SDAOUT],%[SDAPIN]     ;disable pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " sbi	%[SDADDR],%[SDAPIN]	;force SDA low         ;; 7C \n\t" 
     "_Li2c_put_ack_high: \n\t" 
     " nop \n\t "
     " nop \n\t "
     " nop \n\t "
#if I2C_DELAY_COUNTER >= 1
     " rcall	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2             ;; 7C + X \n\t" 
#endif
     " cbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;release SCL           ;; 9C +X \n\t" 
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " sbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]	;enable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     " cln                              ;clear N               ;; +1 = 10C\n\t"
     " nop \n\t "
     " nop \n\t "
     " sbis	%[SCLIN],%[SCLPIN]	;wait SCL high         ;; 12C + X\n\t" 
     " rcall    ass_i2c_wait_scl_high \n\t"
#if I2C_DELAY_COUNTER >= 1
     " rcall	ass_i2c_delay_half	;delay T/2             ;; 11C + 2X\n\t" 
#endif
     "_Li2c_read_return: \n\t"
     " nop \n\t "
     " nop \n\t "
#if I2C_PULLUP
     " cbi      %[SCLOUT],%[SCLPIN]     ;disable SCL pull-up \n\t"
#endif
     "sbi	%[SCLDDR],%[SCLPIN]	;force SCL low so SCL=H is short\n\t"
     " mov	r24,r23                                        ;; 12C + 2X \n\t"
     " clr	r25                                            ;; 13 C + 2X\n\t"
     " ret                                                     ;; 17C + X"
     ::
      [SCLDDR] "I"  (SCL_DDR), [SCLPIN] "I" (SCL_PIN), [SCLIN] "I" (SCL_IN),
      [SDAOUT] "I" (SDA_OUT), [SCLOUT] "I" (SCL_OUT),
      [SDADDR] "I"  (SDA_DDR), [SDAPIN] "I" (SDA_PIN), [SDAIN] "I" (SDA_IN) 
     ); 
  return ' '; // fool the compiler!
}
#endif

#pragma GCC diagnostic pop

#endif
#endif
Jsem v tom začátečník, tak se mi to prosím snažte vysvětlit co nejelementárněji :)

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